7 amazing facts about general anesthesia (anesthesia).
Today it is impossible to imagine many procedures, let alone surgery, without anesthesia. And what do you know about this method of anesthesia?
Then we’ll talk about interesting facts that might surprise you.
Anesthesiologists note that smokers need a higher dose of anesthesia (about 33%) than patients without this addiction.
Passive smokers also need a higher dose of anesthesia (about 20%) compared to non-smokers.
Wake up during anesthesia
The task of anesthesia is to put the patient into unconsciousness (to put him to sleep), eliminate pain syndrome and immobilize (paralyze muscle muscles).
It happens that the patient regains consciousness under general anesthesia. At the same time, the person rarely, but may experience pain, but is unable to signal his awakening due to the action of the paralyzing drugs.
A wake-up call under anesthesia may provoke long-term post-traumatic stress and cause myocardial infarction.
However, most often an anesthesia wake-up results in a person regaining consciousness for only a short time without any pain.
Important! Today, the risk of waking up during anesthesia is minimised by a device that monitors brain activity.
Nausea after anesthesia
After surgical interventions, patients may experience nausea, which is a side effect of anesthesia. Aromatherapy can help eliminate or reduce nausea.
To suppress nausea, it is recommended to use ginger essential oil or a combination of ginger, mint and cardamom.
Obesity and anesthesia
In obese patients, anesthesia is administered intravenously.
People with normal weight are shown to use inhalation anesthesia.
Overweight may provoke difficulty in breathing during the operation.
Memory loss after anesthesia
One of the side effects of anesthesia is amnesia.
Patients most often forget about the events preceding the operation.
But do not worry, because after a short period of time the memories return.
Malignant hyperthermia in anesthesia
It is extremely rare that anesthesia can provoke a severe allergic reaction, which can lead to death.
It is a malignant hyperthermia that develops against the background of inhalation anesthetics.
Hyperthermia is manifested by a sharp increase in body temperature to high marks (up to 42 degrees) and contraction of muscles.
The predisposition to malignant hyperthermia is inherited.
Dementia after anesthesia
In older people, the introduction of anesthesia increases the risk of dementia (dementia) up to 30-35%.
It is believed that this reaction to anesthetics is caused by inflammation of nerve endings.